20th Februar 2014: Carl Ritter von Ghega


about the life of the famous Carl Ghega, the designer of the Semmering Railway from Gloggnitz to Mürzzuschlag.  Also the Austrian Ambassador of Macedonia, Dr. Michael Baier was present.


Then a  Presentation of the Association from Prof. Dr. Bashkim Idrizi, President of the Ghega Association followed. 


Prof. Dr. Ismail Kabashi,  Editor in chief of G&G journal gave an overview on the association’s journal.


With another overview on the book in Albanian language by Mr. Kujtim Xhila the promotion has been closed.


In Macedonia the first book promotion took place, then in Albania and now in Kosovo. These three Austrian Embassies made it possible that the book about the Karl Ghega biography by the Austrian historian Wolfgang Straub could be translated into Albanian language.


Nevertheless, the auditorium was well attended and the students and the  guests took a great interest in this topic. 




Carl Ritter von Ghega or Karl von Ghega (10 January 1802 – 14 March 1860) was the designer of the Semmering Railway from Gloggnitz to Mürzzuschlag.

Born in Venice as Carlo Ghega in an Albanian family,  he studied in Padua, where he took the examination for doctor of mathematics at the age of 18. He began his engineering career with road and hydraulic engineering in Venice. Among other things he contributed to the building of the road over Cortina d'Ampezzo to Toblach. From 1836 to 1840 he was a construction supervisor for the railway track from Brno to Bøeclav, the so-called Emperor Ferdinand North Railway. During this time, in 1836 and 37 he studied also the railways in England and other European countries. In 1842, entrusted with the entire planning of the future state railway, he made a study trip to North America.

After his return to the state railway he began with the planning of the railway line to the south, from Mürzzuschlag to Graz and Trieste. The crossing of the Semmering was not believed possible, but as early as 1844 he submitted a plan for the crossing of the Semmering, with locomotives without an extra rail for gear wheels. Before the building was fully decided, he began to enforce the construction of locomotives which could overcome such upward gradients. Construction of the Semmeringbahn was begun in 1848, and in 1851, before its completion in 1854, he became a knight (Ritter).

Carl von Ghega was next assigned to the building of a railway in Transylvania, but he could not see this project to its end because of his death in Vienna from tuberculosis.


For more details of the Karl Ghega Asscociation please kindly refer to their WEBsite:


© Photos Roswitha Brieger

© Ghega-lithografie-kriehuber-1851