2nd May 2012: 3rd OeKG Meeting in Pinocchio


Mrs. Mimika LOSHI from Kosovo Civil Society Foundation was giving a short presentation on the topic *“EU enlargement policy – Kosovo and the region” at OeKG (Oesterreichische Kosovarische Gesellschaft - Austrian Kosovo Association) at Pinocchio in Pristina. The presentation gave a short overview on the enlargement policy/ its rationale and its different junctures with a special highlight to thevarious stages the countries of the region as well as Kosovo are challenged with during this process. Mrs. Loshi's presentation was very professional made and all our members were listening attentively.

A big THANK YOU to the Kosovo Civil Society Foundation.


Outline of the power point presentationEU Enlargement policy Kosovo and the region

IntroductionEU enlargement policyCentral Eastern vs South Eastern EuropeWestern Balkans membership stages/ phases Kosovo in the processQ&A


Earlier enlargements

1973 – UK, Ireland, Denmark1981 – Greece1986 – Spain, Portugal1995 – Austria, Sweden, Finland2004 – Cyprus, Malta, Slovenia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland2007- Bulgaria, Romania


EU Enlargement policy

Why is EU enlargement so attractive? For each country is differentAustria – neutralityCEEC – back to EuropeSEEC – not to be left out of Europe

CEE vs SEEC enlargement

Historic heritageTransitions from one economic system to the otherCommunist pastMinoritiesEurope Agreements vs Stabilisation Association agreements


Western Balkans in the EU process - PERCEPTIONIn “Koha Ditore” there were few illustrations from Jeton Mikullovci which depict Western Balkans countries and their view on EU and vice versa. - EU seen as a big cleaning/re-polishing machine- WB countries shabby and in need of deep restructuring and re-polishingPictures do say a thousand words!!!


Western Balkans membership stages

- EU Accession (Croatia 2013)- Negotiations on the accession (Turkey)- Commission Opinion – avis (Montenegro, Serbia, Macedonia)- Application for membership (Albania)- Implementation of the SAA (Bosnia and Herzegovina)- SAA Conclusion / Interim agreement-SAA Negotiations-Feasibility Study- Stabilization Association Political Dialogue ( Kosovo)


Kosovo in the EU process -challenges

External/EU factors:Status issue remains the key impedimentIt is included informally through ‘ legal hybrids’ e.g. Tracking mechanism for Stabilization Association, Stabilization Association Political Dialogue


Internal factors:Partial progress on EU reformsLimited administrative capacityManagement and coordination of EU assistance= Gallup poll 2010- Balkan monitor: Kosovo the most optimistic + pro-EU